National Highway Development Program (NHDP) has reached a level of Maturity now. It is time to redefine the road development in India.
  • NHDP was started in 1998. It was being implemented by National Highway Authority of India (NHAI).
  • NHDP was implemented in Phase wise manner as following:
Phase 1. ·         Golden Quadrilateral network, to connect four major cities – Delhi, Chennai, Mumbai, and Kolkata. ·         North – South corridor (Srinagar, kashmir -Kanyakumari T.N.). ·         East- West Corridor {Silchar (Assam) – Porbander Gujarat} ·         Connectivity to all the Ports.  
Phase 2. ·       North South – East West Corridor. ·       The North–South–East–West Corridor (NS-EW) is the largest ongoing highway project in India. ·       Consists of building 7300 kilometers of four/six lane expressways. ·       Connecting Srinagar, Kanyakumari, Kochi, Porbandar and  Silchar.  
Phase 3. ·      Four laning of the high density National Highways connecting state capital and Places of Economic commercial and Tourist Importance.
Phase 4. ·      Up gradation of single lane roads into two lanes with paved shoulders.
Phase 5. ·      Six Laning of Four lane highways.
Phase 6. ·      Construction of Express ways connection major industrial townships.
Phase 7. ·      Construction of Bypasses, under passes, Flyover etc.
  • NHDP was a package based road development program. It had certain loopholes that resulted into skewed development of roads and highways in India.
  • Due to the expansion of Indian economy, the total tonnage of freight transported within India and no. of passenger vehicles have increased. This has led to many choke points on existing road networks in India.
  • Currently road network in India has a total length of 54.82 lakh Km. It is 2nd Largest in the world in terms of length. Out of total Road network, NH constitutes only 2 %, but carries about 40% of total road traffic.

Bharatmala Priyojana – Components.

  • An umbrella Programme of Road & highway Sector.
  • It will subsume all unfinished projects of NHDP, except For those, which are under implementation.
  • The Bharatmala priyojana will follow a corridor approach to develop roads and highways in India.
  • A project under Bharatmala priyojana will be selected based on Origin – destination study, freight flow projection and Geo mapping.
  • Bhaskarachariya institute for space application and Geo informatics (BISAG), will assist in Origin –Destination Study.

Bharatmala Phase 1 –components and outlay.

Component. Details.
1.Economic Corridors Development
  • These will be identified highways corridors of economic importance, which will carry 25 % of freight in coming years.
  • In total 26,200 km of economic corridors have been identified; out of which 9000 km are being taken up in phase 1 of Bharatmala.
2. Inter- corridor & feeder roads to national & economic                  corridors
  • In total 8000 km of inter corridor and 7500 km of feeder routes have been identified.
  • Out of that6000 km of inter corridor and feeder roads will be developed oin first phase.
3. National Corridor Efficiency improvement.
  • Golden Quadrilateral and NS-EW highways carry 35% of Freight traffic and would be declared as national corridors.
  • As per need the national highways will made 6 to 8 highways.
  • To reduce the choke points Ring Roads, bypass and elevated roads will be constructed on existing National Corridors.
4.Border and International connectivity Roads.
  • 3000km of international border roads.
  • 2000km of connectivity roads between major highways and international trade points with neighbors like Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh and Myanmar.
5. Coastal & port Connectivity Roads.
  • 2100 Km of Roads will be built along the coastal India.
  • 2000km of Roads will be built to increase to the minor ports
  • This component is common between Bharatmala and Sagarmala priyojana.
6. Green field Expressways.
  • National or Economic Corridors, where traffic has exceeded 50,000 Passenger carrying unit and have developed choke points, will be converted into green field expressways.
  • In the First phase of 800 km of such stretches have been identified.

Financial details. (Period 2017-18 to 2021-22).

Outlay. Sources
2,37,000 Crore From Central Road fund.
59,000 crore Budgetary Support.
34000 Crore TOT Route ( a PPP model – Toll operate Transfer)
46000 Crore Toll Permanent Bridge fee fund ( Operated by NHAI)
60000 Crore Private investment under various PPP models, for the First Phase 1 of Bharatmala Priyojana.

About the author: Aman Kumar

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