Cropping pattern refers to the following Proportion of area under different crops Changes in this proportion of area over a period Factors
Food Crops – Rice, Wheat, Millet, Maize, Jawar,Bajara, Rogi, Pulses, gram, Yur(Arhar). Cash Crops – Cotton, Jute,
Cropped area of rice is one fourth of total cropped area. In eastern and Southern region rice is a staple food . In total there are 10000 varieties of rice
Wheat is the 2nd most important crop after rice in India. Staple food for north India and north west India.
Considered as an inferior grain used for food as well as fodder for cattle. Its Grain used to obtain starch or glucose.
These are basically grasses ,grown in areas where warm weather is predominant and where any other main crops, like rice and wheat , cannot be grown.
Baajra is used as food in dry regions of the country. →The stalk is used to feed animals. →In certain areas Baajra is used for thatching purpose.
Ragi( Figurine millet or buck wheat ) Mainly grown in dry parts of south India . North India also contributes a small amount of Ragi production.
COTTON Cotton is a crop of topical and sub tropical climate .It requires high temperature (21°c to 30°c). Temperature below 20° c is very harmful for its
Pulses It Includes number of crops which are mostly leguminous . Pulses are main source of vegetative protein for vegetarian population of India.
Background: In India, Agriculture is a state subject. Moreover all these matters like sale of Agriculture commodity from farm to mandies (wholesale Markets)