Millets -Jowar (Sorghum)

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These are basically grasses ,grown in areas where warm weather is predominant and where any other main crops, like rice and wheat , cannot be grown. 

→ Millet is food for poor and used to feed animals as well.

Conditions for Growth.

  • In terms of area of production and tonnes , jowar is third highly important crop after rice and wheat.
  •  jowar is highly nutritive crop as fodder .
  • Jowar is both a kharif and a Rabi crop. It is a kharif where average mean temperature is high.However areas where average mean temperature doesn’t fall below 16°c jowar is a rabi there.
  • Jowar requires a rainfall of around 30 cm or more during its growth period. Much less than rice or wheat. Jowar doesn’t grow in areas rainfall more than 100 cm.
  • Jowar is an excellent crop for dry areas ,where irrigation facilities are not available .
  • Both excessive moisture and prolonged droughts are harmful for its proper growth.
  • Though it can be grown in a variety of soils including loaming and sandy soils,deep regur and alluvium are best suited soils for jowar.
  • most of the crop is grown in plain areas but it can also be raised in gentle slopes up to 1200 mt.

Production. 

  • Jowar has suffered at the hand of other favored crops.

  • Since 1950-51,the area under jowar has declined in general.

  • since 1950-51 to 2003-04,its production has also suffered and shown a decline .

    However yield has shown some improvement.

 Distribution. 

(Tip : at maximum try to keep two major states in your mind in terms of production.)

  • Maharashtra is the largest producer of jowar, it produces around 54% of total India’s jowar.

  • In Maharashtra plateau region, Jowar is staple food. Around 2 crops are raised in plateau region,with in a year.

  • After Maharashtra ,Karnataka is second largest producer of jowar with 18% of total jowar production of India. 3rd largest producer of jowar is Madhya -Pradesh  and Andhara is at 4th place .

  • Tamil Nadu is at 5th place however has a highest yield among all other states.

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