→ These are basically grasses ,grown in areas where warm weather is predominant and where any other main crops, like rice and wheat , cannot be grown.
→ Millet is food for poor and used to feed animals as well.
Conditions for Growth.
- In terms of area of production and tonnes , jowar is third highly important crop after rice and wheat.
- jowar is highly nutritive crop as fodder .
- Jowar is both a kharif and a Rabi crop. It is a kharif where average mean temperature is high.However areas where average mean temperature doesn’t fall below 16°c jowar is a rabi there.
- Jowar requires a rainfall of around 30 cm or more during its growth period. Much less than rice or wheat. Jowar doesn’t grow in areas rainfall more than 100 cm.
- Jowar is an excellent crop for dry areas ,where irrigation facilities are not available .
- Both excessive moisture and prolonged droughts are harmful for its proper growth.
- Though it can be grown in a variety of soils including loaming and sandy soils,deep regur and alluvium are best suited soils for jowar.
- most of the crop is grown in plain areas but it can also be raised in gentle slopes up to 1200 mt.
Jowar has suffered at the hand of other favored crops.
Since 1950-51,the area under jowar has declined in general.
since 1950-51 to 2003-04,its production has also suffered and shown a decline .
However yield has shown some improvement.
(Tip : at maximum try to keep two major states in your mind in terms of production.)
Maharashtra is the largest producer of jowar, it produces around 54% of total India’s jowar.
In Maharashtra plateau region, Jowar is staple food. Around 2 crops are raised in plateau region,with in a year.
After Maharashtra ,Karnataka is second largest producer of jowar with 18% of total jowar production of India. 3rd largest producer of jowar is Madhya -Pradesh and Andhara is at 4th place .
Tamil Nadu is at 5th place however has a highest yield among all other states.