PMKVY- Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana.
- Tag line – let’s make India the Skill capital of India.
- Period of operation 2015-2020.
- It is India’s largest Skill Certification Scheme – So in the end of the program, the participant individual will be given a formal certificate.
- Launched on 15 July, 2015.
- PMKVY is implemented by National Skills Development Corporation (NSDC) under the guidance of the Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship (MSDE).
- Scheme is applicable to any candidate of Indian nationality who:
- Is an unemployed youth or, school/ college dropouts,
- Possesses an Aadhaar card and a bank account,
- Has a verifiable alternate ID such as PAN or Voter ID (applicable only for the states of North-East region and J&K).
- College students should not be allowed or enrolled under PMKVY as the Scheme focuses on school/college dropouts.
- About National Skills Development Corporation (NSDC)-
- National Skill Development Corporation India (NSDC) is a Not-for-profit company set up by the Ministry of Finance.
- It aims to create large, quality and for-profit vocational institutions.
- NSDC provides funding to build vocational training initiatives.
- It’s mandate is also to enable a support system which focuses on quality assurance, information systems and train-the-trainer academies.
- NSDC acts as a catalyst in skill development by providing funding to enterprises, companies and organizations that provides skill training (for example Aptech or NIIT in the area of computer education).
- The then Union Finance Minister Shri Pranab Mukherjee announced the formation of the NSDC in his 2008-09 Budget Speech.
- The Board of Directors of NSDC comprise of 13 members – 4 from the government and 9 from the private sector.
- Following are the key components of PMKVY2015-2020.
- Short Term Training.
- Recognition of Prior Learning.
- Special Projects
- Kaushal and Rozgar Mela
- Short Term Training.
- To motivate a large number of youth to opt for quality skill training (useful to industry), become employable and earn their livelihood.
- Increase productivity of the existing workforce.
- To create a registry of skills.
- Target – Benefitting 10 million youth over the period of four years (2016- 2020) by imparting industry required skills.
- The Scheme shall be implemented through Public-Private and Public-Public partnerships.
- The State Governments will also be involved through a project based approach.
- Biometric devices for capturing student’s and trainer’s attendance (Aadhaar enabled) shall be mandatory at the PMKVY centres.
- The targets may be assigned to the Training Centres with a provision for periodic review.
- Training Centre during Accreditation process, will be graded based on quality of training, infrastructure availability, training capacity, self-owned centre or franchisee centre, past performance, geographical location and other relevant parameters.
- Training Centres shall conduct various outreach campaigns across the districts in which they are located.
- All outreach efforts are to target school drop-outs and undergraduate college drop-outs.
- Kaushal Melas should be conducted in coordination with State/Local representatives at least once every six months.
- Mass enrollment of students shall not be allowed under the Scheme. Otherwise to meet the targets training centers, can start to admit individuals continuing their studies.
- The training cost for the candidates will be directly transferred to Training Centers.
- The disbursement of training cost to TPs will be linked to Aadhaar validation of candidate’s attendance.
- Training would be imparted as per National Skill Qualification Framework (NSQF).
- A failed or an absent candidate may undergo re-assessment during the entire duration of Scheme.
- The Training Center(TC) will pay the re-assessment fees.
- Placement is a critical objective in PMKVY.
- TCs will be required to have placement cells. There is also a provision to provide post placement support to candidates from special areas, women and PwDs.
- The TCs will receive additional payouts and grade points to promote trainings in special
- There is also a provision for allowances for boarding and lodging for residential trainings.
- Women candidates and PwDs will be provided conveyance allowance for nonresidential Trainings.
- In order to enable the newly skilled persons to settle into their new jobs/vocations, post placement support would be provided directly to the candidates at the rate of INR 1450 per month for the duration mentioned in Table.
Post Placement Support @ INR 1450 per month. Men Women Placement within the District of Domicile 1 month 2 months Placement outside the District of Domicile 2 months 3 months
- Recognition of Prior Learning.
- Individuals with prior learning experience or skills will also be assessed and certified under the Recognition of Prior Learning (RPL) component of the Scheme.
- RPL mainly focuses on the individuals engaged in unregulated sectors.
- RPL Camps will be set up in a location where workers of a particular sector are consolidated and on employers premises.
- RPL Centers will be set up for RPL at designated centers for geographically scattered workers who need to be mobilized.
- To enroll under RPL component of PMKVY, an individual will be pre-screened for the respective job role.
- RPL Process.
- The payout of INR 500 will be directly deposited to the candidates bank account.
- A candidates can enroll for second time in the same/different job role under RPL over the duration of the scheme.
- The payout against such candidates shall only be given for enrolment for a maximum of two job roles, provided that there is a six month gap between the certification date of the first job role enrolled for and the subsequent enrolment date under RPL.
- Special Projects.
- Special Projects shall be defined as projects that deviate from the terms and conditions of short term training under PMKVY.
- Special projects will encourage trainings in special job roles not defined under the available Qualification Packs or National Occupation Standards.
- Under Special Projects, trainings in special areas and premises of Government bodies, corporates /industry bodies will be held.
- Government Institutions of Central and State Government(s), Autonomous bodies, Statutory bodies, or any other equivalent body or corporate which desires to have fresh trainings of their candidates, referred to as Project Implementing Agency (PIA) in special projects.
- PIA need to get a project proposal approved, providing details of Special project.
- PIA will be responsible for mobilisation of trainees.
- PIA will be responsible to provide uniforms, necessary tool kits, and other required things to the trainees.
- Kaushal and Rozgar Mela.
- It is a camp-based approach, used for building awareness and enrolling suitable candidates.
- Such camps not only disseminate information about various skill training options available under the scheme, but also outline the possible career paths and income generation potential once the training is imparted.
- Local administration, local municipal and panchayat bodies through the State Governments, and non-governmental and community-based organizations would be involved in this activity to ensure widest possible reach.
- The Training centre must conduct at least one Kaushal Mela every six months, failing which the centre’s rating under PMKVY may go down.
- Each TP shall be given an incentive at the rate of INR 20,000 per Kaushal Mela.
- under PMKVY – Placement refers to providing wage – or self-employment to candidates, trained and certified under PMKVY.
- In case of wage employment, candidate shall be placed in jobs that provide wages equivalent to or above the minimum wages prescribed in the Minimum Wage Act.
- Apprenticeship will also be considered as similar to employment for the purpose of this program.
- TC should have placed at least 50% of the successfully certified candidates within three months of completion of the training.
- The last tranche of cost reimbursement will be provided to Training centre only when above condition is met.
- In order to monitor PMKVY, various methodologies ,such as Self-Audit Report (SAR), call validations, and surprise visits shall be used.
- The key parameters to be monitored under PMKVY are :
- Fake Enrolments,
- Mass Enrolments of candidates pursuing education.
- TC not found at the address.
- Unethical Practices for example – Offering any undue favour in cash or kind to assessors in order to influence the trainees results, manipulating the placement data, misleading the trainees or public in general, such as promising to offer government jobs to the trainees etc.
Source:Ministry of Skill Development And Entrepreneurship.