• It Includes number of crops which are mostly leguminous .
  • Pulses are main source of vegetative protein for vegetarian population of India.
  • To restore the soil fertility pulses are grown as alternate crop with other crops as pulses has capacity to fix the atmospheric nitrogen.
  • Tur (arhar ) and gram are important pulses apart from that other important pulses are Urf(black gram),Mung(green gram),Mausur(lentil),Kulthi(horse gram),Mattar(peas),Khesri and Moth.


  • The Most important of all pulses and accounts for 37% of the production and 28% of total area of pulses on India.
  • It can be grown in a wide range of climate conditions ,but prefers mild and cold dry climate with 20°c to 25°c temperature and 40 to 50 cm rainfall.
  • It is grown in loamy soil .
  • It is a rabi crop sown in September and November and its harvested between February and April.
  • It is cultivated as pure or mixed with wheat ,barley linseed or mustard.
  • Mixed cropping he;ps to check the gram blight to some extent.

                                    Production of Gram

  • Cultivation of gram has also suffered at the hands of wheat.
  • Between 1960 to 2003-04 the production declined from 62 lakh ton to 41 lakh ton.
  • The area under cultivation has declined as well.But yield has improved .


  • Gram is produced in many states, but Madhya -Pradesh is highest producer followed by U.P ,Rajasthan ,Haryana and Maharashtra .
  • M.P ,U.P ,Rajasthan and Haryana accounts for 90 % of production.

  Tur or Arhar( Pigeon pea or redgram)

  • Tur is the second highest important pulse in India after gram.
  • Mainly grown as kharif crop but in area of mild winters grown as rabi crop as well.
  • It is grown as a dry crop mixed with other kharif crop like Jowar, bajara ,Ragi, maize , Cotton and ground nuts etc.
  • Highest producer are U.P ,M.P ,Maharashtra ,Gujarat and Karnataka .

About the author: Aman Kumar

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