Ragi( Figurine millet or buck wheat )
- Mainly grown in dry parts of south India . North India also contributes a small amount of Ragi production.
- Temperature required is 20°c to 30°c ,Rainfall required is 50-100 cm ,soil required red ,light black and sandy loam ,as well as can be cultivated in well drained alluvium loams.
- It is a rain fed kharif crop,which is sown between may and August and harvested between September and January.
- Main Ragi producers are Karnataka (52%) ,Tamil-Nadu (14%), Uttrakhand (10%) and Maharashtra (8%).
- Besides food, it is used to manufacture Alcoholic beverages.
- Grown in areas where temperature is between 10°c to 15°c and it requires a rainfall between 75 cm to 100 cm.
- High heat and high humidity is very harmful for barley.
- In valleys of western Himalayas and Great plains its a Rabi Crop.
- Production of barley has shown a decline between 1960 to 2003.
- The decline is of 50%.
- There was a decline in area under barley cultivation however the yield has improved with 2.5 times between 1960-2003
- Barley cultivation was majorly replaced by Wheat cultivation.
- Uttar-pradesh is main producer of barley its produces 40% of total production in India.
- Rajasthan is 2nd largest producer of barley produces 30%
- Thus U.P and Rajasthan accounts for 2/3 production of barley.