RASHTRIYA GOKUL MISSION (RGM)- Indigenous cattle development.


1. Ministry Responsible.

& implementing bodies.

·         Under Ministry of Agriculture, Department of  Animal,  Dairying & Fisheries.

·         Rashtriya Gokul Mission will be implemented through the “State Implementing Agency (i.e. Livestock Development Boards)

·         All Agencies having a role in indigenous cattle development will be the “Participating Agencies” like Central Frozen Semen Production & Training Institute  (CFSPTI), CCBFs, ICAR, Universities, Colleges, NGO‟s and Gaushalas with best germplasm.


2. Background

·         India with about 199 million cattle (as per 18th Livestock Census 2007) has 14.5% of the world cattle population.

·         Of this, 83% i.e. 166 million are indigenous.

·         Most of the indigenous cattle (about 80%) are non- descript (not identified) and only 20% (Descript)  Breeds are recognized by National Bureau of Genetic Resources.

·         Indigenous cattle, in India, are robust and resilient and are particularly suited to the climate and environment of their respective breeding tracts.

·         They are endowed with qualities of heat tolerance, resistance to diseases and the ability to thrive under extreme climatic stress and less than optimal nutrition.

·         Indigenous cattle are categorized as Zebu and are suited for draught power because of the presence of a hump.

·         For this it is essential to promote conservation and development of indigenous breeds.


3. Objective of RGM.

·         The Rashtriya Gokul Mission aims to conserve and develop Indigenous Breeds in a focused and scientific manner.

·         To undertake breed improvement programme for indigenous cattle breeds so as to improve the genetic makeup and increase the stock.



·         To enhance milk production and productivity of indigenous bovines (medium to large-sized ungulates)


·         To upgrade by (Cross breeding) nondescript cattle using elite indigenous breeds like Gir, Sahiwal, Rathi, Deoni (Karnataka) , Tharparkar, and Red Sindhi.

·         To distribute disease free high genetic merit bulls of indigenous breeds for natural service.



4.The indigenous dairy breeds with potential for development as commercially viable milch cattle in a shorter time frame are.

·         Sahiwal in Punjab;

·         Rathi and Tharparkar in Rajasthan; and

·         Gir and Kankrej in Gujarat

5. Breeds rapidly declining warranting immediate attention.

·         Punganur  (Andhra Pradesh) ,

·         Vechur (Kerala) and

·         Krishna Valley (North Karnataka).

6. Financial details ·         Scheme is proposed to be implemented on 100% grant-in-aid basis with an amount of Rs 500 crore during the 12th Five Year Plan.
7. Components of the Scheme:

a) Establishment of Village level Integrated Indigenous Cattle Centres viz “Gokul Gram”: i) in the breeding tracts and ii) near metropolitan cities for housing the urban cattle.

b) Strengthening of bull farms to conserve high genetic merit Indigenous Breeds.

c) Establishment of Field Performance Recording (FPR) in the breeding tract.

d) Assistance to Institutions/Institutes which are repositories of best germplasm.

e) Implementation of Pedigree Selection Programme for the Indigenous Breeds with large population.


f) “Gopalan Sangh”: Establishment of Breeder‟s Societies: Gopalan Sangh.

g) Distribution of disease free high genetic merit bulls for natural service.

h) Incentive to farmers maintaining elite animals of indigenous breeds.

i) Heifer (a cow that has not borne a calf, or has borne only one calf) rearing programme.

j) Award to Farmers (Gopal Ratna” ) and Breeders‟ Societies ( “Kamadhenu” )

k) Organization of Milk Yield Competitions for indigenous breeds.

l) Organization of Training Programme for technical and non technical personnel working at the Institute/Institutions engaged in cattle development



About the author: Aman Kumar

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