The Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchayee Yojana (PMKSY)

Ministries Responsible For its                                               Execution.

·         Ministry of Water Resources, River Development and Ganga Rejuvenation (MoWR,RD&GR).

·         Department of Agriculture, Cooperation and Farmers Welfare ( DAC&FW) – Ministry of Agriculture & Farmers Welfare.

·         Department of Land Resources ( DoLR)- Ministry of rural Development.


·         To ensure access to some means of irrigation for all agricultural farms in the country.

·         To produce more output per unit of water
Launch date : ·         1st July 2015.
Broad Objectives. 1.      To converge all investments in irrigation at the district or sub – district level; 2.      Increase the physical access of water on the farm and expand cultivable area under assured irrigation (Har Khet Ko Pani); 3.      Promote integration of water source, distribution and its efficient use, to make best use of water. 4.      Improve on-farm water use efficiency to reduce wastage and increase availability both in duration and extent. 5.      Enhance the adoption of precision-irrigation and other water saving technologies (more crop per drop); 6.      Enhance recharge of aquifers; 7.      Introduce sustainable water conservation practices; 8.      Ensure the integrated development of rain-fed areas using the watershed approach towards soil and water conservation. 9.      Regeneration of ground water, 10.  Arresting rain water run-off , 11.  Providing livelihood options. 12.  Promote extension activities relating to water harvesting, water management and crop alignment for farmers and grass-root level field functionaries; 13.  Explore the feasibility of reusing treated municipal waste water for peri-urban agriculture and 14.  Attract greater private investments in irrigation.
Components :                     I.      Accelerated Irrigation Benefits Programme (AIBP). II.      Har Khet Ko Pani. III.      Per Drop More Crop. IV.      Watershed Development.
Accelerated Irrigation Benefits Programme (AIBP). ·         Under PMKSY (AIBP), focus has to be on faster completion of on-going major and medium irrigation including National projects. ·         A total of 149 major and medium irrigation projects stand approved for Central assistance under AIBP. ·         Out of these, 99 projects have been prioritized for implementation under PMKSY as these can be completed in a period of 2 to 3 years if estimated funds are made available both by the Central and State Governments.
Har Khet Ko Pani It may include the following activities : ·         Creation of new water sources through Minor Irrigation (both surface and groundwater) and development of Lift irrigation Systems; ·         Repair, restoration and renovation of water bodies; strengthening carrying capacity of traditional water sources, construction of rain water harvesting structures; ·         Command area (area fit for cultivation) development, strengthening and creation of distribution network from source of water to the farm; ·         Ground water development in the areas where it is abundant, so that sink is created to store run-off/ flood water during peak rainy season; ·         Improvement in water management and distribution system for water bodies to take advantage of the available source which is not tapped to its fullest capacity (deriving benefits from low hanging fruits). ·         At least 10% of the command area is to be covered under micro or precision irrigation; ·         Diversion of water from source of different locations where it is plenty to nearby water scarce areas; ·         Improvement of water-use efficiency; ·         Rejuvenating traditional water storage systems like Jal Mandir (Gujarat); Khatri, Kuhl (Himachal Pradesh); Zabo (Nagaland); Eri, Ooranis (Tamil Nadu); Dongs (Assam);Katas, Bandhas (Odisha and Madhya Pradesh) etc..
Per Drop More Crop It promotes efficient on-farm water use practices. It is designed to cover the following activities:- ·         Promoting efficient and precision water application devices like drips, sprinklers, pivots, rain-guns etc. in the farm; ·         Topping up of input cost particularly under civil construction beyond permissible limit (40%), under MGNREGS for activities like lining inlet, outlet, silt traps,distribution system etc. ·         Construction of micro irrigation structures, to supplement source creation activities including tube wells and dug wells (in areas where ground water is available and not under semi critical /critical /over exploited areas) which are not supported under AIBP, PMKSY (Har Khet Ko Pani), PMKSY (Watershed) and MGNREGS as per block/district irrigation plan; ·         Construction of Secondary storage structures at tail end of the canal system to store water, whenit is available in abundance during the rainy season, for use during dry periods through effective on-farm water management practices; ·         Water lifting devices like diesel/ electric/ solar pump sets including water carriage pipes, underground pipe line system; ·         Extension activities for promotion of scientific moisture conservation and agronomic measures including cropping alignment to maximise use of available water including rainfall and minimise irrigation requirement; ·         Capacity building, training and awareness campaign including low cost publications, use of pico projectors and low cost films for encouraging potential use of water source through technological, agronomic and management practices including community irrigation;
The Integrated Watershed Management Programme (IWMP) ·         The Integrated Watershed Management Programme (IWMP) is a modified programme of erstwhile Drought Prone Area Programme (DPAP), Desert Development Programme (DDP) and Integrated Wastelands Development Programme (IWDP) of the Department of Land Resources (DoLR). ·         It aims at restoring the ecological balance through development and sustainable management of degraded natural resources such as soil, vegetative cover and water. ·         The expected outcomes are prevention of soil erosion, regeneration of natural vegetation, rain water harvesting and re-charging of the ground water table. ·         It has the following components:- (a) Effective management of run-off water and improved soil & moisture conservation activities such as ridge area treatment, drainage line treatment, rain water harvesting, in-situ moisture conservation and other allied activities on watershed basis; (b) Construction of water harvesting structures such as check-dams, farm ponds, tanks etc. (c) Converging with MGNREGS for creation of water source to full potential in identified backward rain-fed blocks including renovation of traditional water bodies.

About the author: Aman Kumar

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