Jal Jeevan Mission (JJM) has been launched which aims at providing Functional Household Tap Connection (FHTC) to every rural household by 2024.
Functional Household Tap Connection [FHTC] means a tap connection to a rural household for providing drinking water in adequate quantity of prescribed quality on regular basis.
Functionality of a tap connection is defined as having infrastructure, i.e. household tap connection providing water in adequate quantity, i.e. at least 55 (litre per capita per day) lpcd, of prescribed quality, i.e. BIS: 10500 standard, on regular basis, i.e. continuous supply in long-term.
In 1972-73, Accelerated Rural Water Supply Programme (ARWSP) was launched. The aim was to supplement the efforts of State Governments, especially in areas of acute scarcity and those endemic to water borne diseases.
In 2004-05, ARWSP became part of Bharat Nirman aiming at full coverage of habitations by 2008-09.
The ARWSP was implemented till the year 2008-09 of Eleventh Plan (2007-12).
In 2009-10, it was modified and renamed as National Rural Drinking Water Programme (NRDWP).
In 2013, certain changes were introduced in NRDWP, viz. i.) Providing focus on pipe water supply schemes; ii.) wherever possible, enhancing service level from 40 lpcd to 55 lpcd; iii.) providing greater thrust on water quality and Japanese Encephalitis-Acute Encephalitis 16 Syndrome (JE-AES) affected districts; iv.) waste water treatment, recycling;
Now with the launch of JJM, all the schemes and programs under NRDWP have been subsumed.
To provide FHTC to every rural household;
To give priority to provide FHTCs by March, 2021 in water quality-affected areas, JE-AES areas, Desert Development Programme areas, Drought Prone Area Program areas, Aspirational districts, and Sansad Adarsh Gram Yojana (SAGY) villages.
To provide functional tap connection to Schools, Anganwadi centres, GP buildings, Health centres, wellness centres and community buildings;
To monitor functionality of tap connections;
To promote and ensure voluntary ownership among local community by way of contribution in cash, kind and/ or labour and shramdaan;
To assist in ensuring sustainability of water supply system, i.e. water source, water supply infrastructure, and funds for regular operation and management O&M;
To empower and develop human resource in the sector such that the demands of construction, plumbing, electrical, water quality management, water treatment, catchment protection, O&M, etc. are taken care of in short and long term;
To bring awareness on various aspects and significance of safe drinking water and involvement of stakeholders in manner that make water everyone’s business.