Pradhan Mantri Khanij Kshetra Kalyan Yojana (PMKKKY).

1.     Ministry Responsible. ·        Minister of Mines & Steel.
2.     Implementation agency. ·        District Mineral Foundations (DMFs) of the respective districts.
3.     More about DMFs ·        The DMF is an organisation that works for the interest and benefit of persons, and areas affected by mining-related operations. ·        DMF is instituted as nonprofit Trust in every mining district. ·        The richest lands are inhabited by some of the countries poorest and most deprived, DMF came into effect to remove such inequality and ensure socio-economic and environmental justice for these people. ·        March 2015, District Mineral Foundation (DMF) was instituted through an amendment under the Mines and Minerals (Development and Regulation) Act (1957). ·        Functioning of DMF has been tied to three primary laws of the land— 1.     The Fifth and Sixth Schedules of constitution for governing tribal areas, 2.     The provisions of the Panchayats (Extension to Scheduled Areas) Act (PESA), 1996, and 3.     The Scheduled Tribes and Other Traditional Forest Dwellers (Recognition of Forest Rights) Act, 2006—in short the Forest Rights Act (FRA).
4.     Source of funding. ·        The funds collected by the DMF from entities operating mines in respective areas of DMF.
5.     Objectives. ·        To implement various developmental and welfare programs in mining affected areas, and these programs will be in addition to the existing ongoing schemes/projects of State and Central Government; ·        To minimize/mitigate the adverse impacts, during and after mining, on the environment, health and socio-economics of people in mining districts; and ·        To ensure long-term livelihoods for the affected people in mining areas.
6.     Identification of affected areas. ·        Areas affected will be of two types directly affected areas and indirectly affected areas. ·        Directly affected areas – where direct mining-related operations such as excavation, mining, blasting, beneficiation and waste disposal (overburdened dumps, tailing ponds, transport corridors etc.), etc. are located. The definition will cover : (a) Villages and gram panchayats within which the mines are situated and are operational. Such mining areas may extend to neighboring village, block or district on even state. (b) An area within such radius from a mine or cluster of mines as may be specified by the State Government, irrespective of whether this falls within the district concerned or adjacent district. (c)  Villages in which families displaced by mines have resettled/rehabilitated by the project authorities. (d) Villages that significantly depend on the mining areas for meeting their economic needs and have usufruct and traditional rights over the project areas, for instance, for grazing, collection of minor forest produce etc. should be considered as directly affected areas. ·        Indirectly affected areas –Those areas where local population is adversely affected on account of economic, social and environmental consequences due to mining-related operations. ·        The major negative impacts of mining could be by way of deterioration of water, soil and air quality, reduction in stream flows and depletion of ground water, congestion and pollution due to mining operations, transportation of minerals, increased burden on existing infrastructure and resources. ·        The DMF shall prepare and maintain an updated list of such directly and Indirectly affected areas by mining related operations.
7.     Identification of Affected people due to mining. The affected people definition will be as per the Right to Fair Compensation and Transparency in Land Acquisition, Rehabilitation and Resettlement Act, 2013 and Any other as identified by the concerned gram sabha. The DMF shall prepare and maintain an updated list of such affected persons/local communities.
8.     How the funds will be used under the scheme. ·        At least 60% of PMKKKY funds to be utilized under these heads: 1.     Drinking water supply. 2.     Environment preservation and pollution control measures. 3.     Health care. 4.     Education. 5.     Welfare of Women and Children. 6.     Welfare of aged and disabled people. 7.     Skill development. 8.     Sanitation. ·        Up to 40% of the PMKKKY to be utilized under these Heads. 1.     Physical infrastructure – road, bridges, railways and waterways projects. 2.     Irrigation facilities. 3.     Energy and Watershed Development – Development of alternate source of energy (including micro-hydel) and rainwater harvesting system. Development of orchards, integrated farming and economic forestry and restoration of catchments.
9. Special provisions for scheduled areas. (areas under 5th and 6th Schedule of the constitution) In respect of villages affected by mining situated within the scheduled areas: 1.     Approval of the Gram Sabha shall be required for ·        All plans, programs and projects to be taken up under PMKKKY. ·        Identification of beneficiaries under the existing guidelines of the Government. 2.     Report on the works undertaken under PMKKKY in the respective village shall be furnished to the Gram Sabha after completion of every financial year.

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